Basic Information About Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is a medical condition caused by the swelling of the plantar fascia. There are many effective methods of treatment to cure plantar fasciitis. Before looking into the treatment methods, let us have a look at some basic facts about this medical condition. What is plantar fascia? Plantar fascia is a thick tissue band that connects the heel to the bones at the centre of your foot. This tissue provides the necessary support for the arch of your leg and also acts a shock-absorber to the foot.

Causes:

The major cause for plantar fasciitis is the repeated injury caused to the plantar fascia (the tissue).  The other causes for plantar fasciitis are:

  • The plantar fascia can be injured by doing activities like running, walking and standing continuously.
  • Running/Walking on uneven surfaces.
  • Wearing foot wear which provide less support to the foot arch.
  • Being overweight can cause this condition as you tend to put more pressure on the heel and the foot.
  • Stiffness of the Achilles tendon in the foot.

Old people are more prone to plantar fasciitis. Especially people between the ages of 40-60 years are affected by this condition.

Symptoms and Diagnosis:

The major symptom of plantar fasciitis is intense pain felt at the bottom of the heel.  This pain is felt especially in the morning after a few hours of rest in the night. If you have the above symptom then it is better to meet a doctor who will help to cure plantar fasciitis effectively. Doctors initially start the treatment by a physical examination of the foot and if needed they may ask you to take an X-ray of the foot to assess the extent of damage.

Treatment Methods:

The initial methods of treatment for this condition include complete rest for the foot, use of proper foot wear and heel pads, icing of the affected area, exercises and pain killers to reduce pain. If the condition is severe, steroid injections and extracorporeal shock wave therapy are used to cure plantar fasciitis.